In 2008, an anonymous internet user going by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto posted a paper describing a new peer-to-peer electronic payment system known as Bitcoin. He remained active in the Bitcoin community until mid-2010 when he gave the mantle of lead developer to Gavin Andresen and faded from public communication.
Extremely little is known of him. The name Satoshi Nakamoto is believed to be a pseudonym for an individual or more likely, a group of people that collaborated together. Many attempts have been made to learn more and find out who Satoshi Nakamoto really is. Most notably The New Yorker and Fast Company have both investigated with no definitive conclusion.